Kawasaki Ninja 250R

The Kawasaki Ninja 250R (previous generations had market-specific names) is a motorcycle originally introduced by Kawasaki in 1983. As the marque’s entry-level sport bike, the motorcycle has undergone few changes throughout its quarter-century lifetime, having received only two substantial redesigns.

Since 2008, the bike is marketed as the Ninja 250R in all markets. It is also referred to by its platform designation, EX250, to which a generational suffix is attached. In the United States, previous models (EX250-E/F/G/H) were already being marketed as members of theNinja family of sport bikes, while outside of the U.S. the bike was known variously as the ZZR-250, ZX-250, or as the GPX-250R. One of the earliest models, the EX250-C, was given the name GPZ-250.

The Ninja 250R’s particular ergonomicschassis design, and engine placement have resulted in a motorcycle that straddles the standard and sport classes. The Ninja’s riding posture also falls between standard and sport.

1983

The first generation was produced between 1983 and 1984, and known by the production number EX250-C. It was sold as the GPZ-250. Sold only in its home market of Japan, this earliest, belt-driven version was first produced in 1983, and shares no commonality with later generations.[citation needed] The bike has 32mm fork tubes.

 

687px-Kawasaki_Ninja_250_rider

1986–1987[edit source | editbeta]

Produced between 1986 and 1987 was the EX250-E. This model was sold as the Ninja 250R in Canada and the U.S. between 1986 and 1987. It was known as the GPZ-250R elsewhere. When originally introduced, it was more costly than the Honda Rebel, and reviewers complained that while the 14,000 rpm redline was nice, the engine was slow to rev.[3]

[show]EX-250-E Specifications[4]

1988–2007[edit source | editbeta]

Third Generation
Ninja250Side.jpg
Production 1988–2007

Kawasaki GPX 250 Display, Model: 1993

For the 1988 model year, there were both cosmetic changes and changes in engine tuning. While the bore and stroke, and other major engine components, were unchanged, minor tuning adjustments were made. The carburetor diameters were reduced 2 mm to 30 mm (1.2 in), the cylinder compression ratio was increased from 12.0:1 to 12.4:1, ignition timing advance was increased, and the rear sprocket was increased by three teeth to 45.[7][4][5] Reviewers reported that this made the engine more free-revving, reaching the high 14,000 redline more quickly, and the tested top speed increased by a few miles per hour.[7][3][6] The new, more fully enclosed bodywork was complimented for being stylish, at the time, and easily mistaken for the largerNinja 750.[3]

The third generation of production of the Ninja 250 encompassed three models:

  • EX250-F – The most widespread EX250 variant, the E model was completely revamped and sold as the F model between 1988 and 2007 in the United States. Canada received the model between 1988 and 1999, and it was available elsewhere as the GPX-250R as early as 1987.
[show]EX-250-F Specifications[7][5]
  • EX250-G – Sold only in its home market of Japan, this version was known as the GPX-250R-II. It featured dual front brakes and a wider wheel and tire (110/80-16). All other parts were identical to the -F model. It was sold after 1988.
  • EX250-H – This model came to Canada as the Ninja 250R between 2000 and 2002, after which it received a new name: ZZR-250, in line with the -H model’s name elsewhere in the world, where it had existed since 1992. This motorcycle has parts in common with the -F model, though it shares the same engine, albeit with different casings. It sports a lateral aluminum frame, a different fairing (designed to make it look sportier), larger 17-inch wheels, an adjustable rear shock absorber, adjustable brake and clutch levers, a smaller drive sprocket, computer-controlled timing advance, and a revised electrical system. It also featured a smaller carburetor, & slightly different compression ratio, both of which were designed for quicker revving and slightly higher top end power. However, these upgrades came at a 6kg weight gain.[citation needed]

2008–2012[edit source | editbeta]

Fourth Generation
2009 Kawasaki Ninja 250R EX250-J 05.JPG
Manufacturer Kawasaki
Also called EX250-J
Production 2008 – 2012
Predecessor EX250-F
Class Sport bike
Engine 249 cc (15.2 cu in), Parallel twin, four-stroke, Liquid Cooled, DOHC.
Bore / stroke 62.0 mm × 41.2 mm (2.44 in × 1.62 in)
Ignition type TCBI with digital advance
Transmission Six-speed
Tires Front: 110/70-17M/C
Rear: 130/70-17M/C
Raketrail 26°
Wheelbase 1,399.5 mm (55.10 in)
Dimensions W 713.7 mm (28.10 in)
H 1,109.9 mm (43.70 in)
Seat height 774.7 mm (30.50 in)
Weight 170 kg (375 lb) (wet)

In 2008, Kawasaki gave the EX250 its first big makeover after many years. The EX250-J model is known as the Ninja 250R worldwide, regardless of market.

Parts from the third generation are still found on the -J, but its redesigned exterior panels bring the Ninja’s appearance out of the 1990s and into line with late-2000s sportbikes. The engine and drivetrain retain 30% of the -F model’s parts, according to Kawasaki.[citation needed] The engine’s compression and maximum torque have been lowered to provide better midrange performance. The redesign of the engine resulted in improvements in engine response at low engine speeds, and making the bike smoother and “much easier to ride.”[10]

Though the previous generation Ninja 250 had a peak power advantage of 1 to 5 hp (0.75 to 3.7 kW),[5][11][12] the new version’s 20 or 30 percent increase in mid-range power allows the bike to pull from 3,000 rpm where previously it had to be revved to 4,000 rpm.[13] The U.S. -J model uses dual carburetors like the -F model, but the European, Brazilian and Thai models have fuel injection. The wheels were increased in size to 17 inches, the front suspension was improved, and the brake rotors were replaced with a larger petal shape. On the carbureted version, a fuel gauge was added in place of the temperature gauge. With the additional and redesigned equipment, the EX250-J suffered a 10 kg (22 lb) increase in wet weight over its predecessors.

With the arrival of the EX250-J, manufacturing continues to be located in Thailand.[14]

[show]EX-250-J Specifications[15]

2013[edit source | editbeta]

Kawasaki has announced that the 2013 model year Ninja 250R will have new bodywork, twin headlights, a digital instruments cluster, new wheels with a wider 140 mm (5.5 in) rear tire, and a reworked engine and exhaust. ABS will be available as an option. Like the previous generation, the engine will be fuel injected in some markets and carbureted in others.[19][20][21] For 2013, in some markets, the Ninja 250R will be replaced by the 296 cc (18.1 cu in) Ninja 300, while in others they’ll be sold alongside each other.[22]

 

 

 

JENIS-JENIS KAWASAKI NINJA DARI 150-1400 CC

   SEJARAH KAWASAKI NINJAdepositphotos_13346727-Kawasaki--Ninja--Logo

Kalangan pecinta motor sport di Indonesia tentu tidak asing     lagi dengan nama Ninja. Karena ketika mendengarnya, terbesit sebuah motor sport tangguh dari pabrikan motor asal Jepang, Kawasaki.

Namun apakah diantara anda ada yang tahu berapa umur Ninja sebenarnya? Karena setelah malang-melintang di industri motor dunia, di tahun 2010 nama Ninja pun tak terasa telah memasuki umur lebih dari seperempat abad, persisnya 26 tahun.
Kawasaki memulai petualangan Ninja lewat GPz900R (ZX900A) pada tahun 1984 silam. Dan sejak pertama kali diperkenalkan, varian ini seolah berhasil mencuri hati penggemar motor sport, tidak hanya dari tampilannya yang rupawan, namun juga dari sisi performa yang tangguh.
Berbekal mesin berkapasitas 908 cc, Kawasaki menghentak dunia. Karena mesin yang dapat menyemburkan tenaga hingga 115 horsepower (hp) tersebut dapat berakselerasi dari diam sampai 450 meter hanya dalam waktu 10.55 detik saja dengan kecepatan puncak yang mengagumkan yakni mencapai 250 km/jam. Tidak hanya itu, fenomena Ninja pun terus berlanjut ketika Kawasaki dengan beragam inovasi menyuguhkan tipe-tipe Ninja yang lainnya mulai dari ZX-6R, ZX-7, ZX-9, ZX-10, ZX-12, hingga ZX-14.
Tapi, itu untuk pasar global seperti Amerika, Eropa dan Jepang. Sementara untuk Asia Tenggara terutama Indonesia, Kawasaki mencoba masuk dan menyesuaikan diri dengan kapasitas mesin yang lebih kecil yakni hanya 150 cc saja. Namun, meskipun memiliki kapasitas mesin kecil, Ninja 150 cc ternyata masih dapat menjadi fenomena di Asia Tenggara.
Nama Kawasaki Ninja 150R sudah melegenda di semua lintasan, baik trek balap, maupun trek jalan raya di Indonesia. Sejak kehadiran produk unggulan Kawasaki ini di tanah air, populasinya terus bertambah banyak.
Di ajang balap roda race, sebelum kelas 150 tune-up ditutup, Kerry ‘Bob’ Hutama disegani lawan dengan Ninja 150. Di grasstrack dan drag bike sampai saat ini masih lumayan banyak penggunanya. Belum lagi komunitas yang tersebar di kota besar seperti Jakarta, Bandung, dan Balikpapan, Samarinda sampai Sumbar.
Tak berlebihan rasanya, Ninja 150 jadi sosok motor sport dua langkah terkencang yang masih diproduksi saat ini. “Kita masih jamin kalau Ninja tetap lulus uji emisi Euro II. Ini hasil aplikasi teknologi ramah lingkungan,” beber Reiner Sitorus, Technical Service Manager, PT Kawasaki Motor Indonesia (KMI), Jakarta.
“Meski sudah keluar varian lainnya dengan kapasitas mesin lebih besar seperti Ninja 250R bermesin 4-tak, namun Ninja 150RR masih banyak diminati pembeli di Sumbar,” tambah Ir Thomas Nauli, Direktur PT Lautan Rezeki Jayawisesa, dealer Kawasaki yang buka showroom di Jalan Veteran No.8BCD, Padang.
Pantas saja meski Ninja sampai saat ini sudah 12 tahun mengaspal, namun tetap dilirik pemakai. Bahkan bekasnya masih tetap laku. Untuk itu, kita buka sejarah tiap generasinya sebagai panduan.
Ninja M 150 R                               Generasi 1996-1997
Ini awalnya Kawasaki Ninja 150 diproduksi di Indonesia meski mayoritas komponen masih dipasok dari Kawasaki Thailand. Di tahun 1996, Ninja punya ciri mendasar dengan pelek jari-jari, lampu bulat dan cakram depan.
Setahun kemudian, setelah peluncuran Ninja 150 sedikit berubah dengan sebutan Ninja 150R. Ninja 150R menggunakan cakram depan-belakang dan pelek jari-jari. Ini disebut Ninja 150 yang memang lebih mahal.
Meski selisih setahun, Ninja 150 waktu itu berbeda dari kode produksi. Keluaran 1996 punya kode produksi KR150C dan yang 1997 ditandai KR150J. Tapi, kode mesin sama, yakni 1855. Pada generasi ini Ninja 150 menggunakan karburator Keihin PWL 26 sampai produksi September 2006. Ukuran pilot-jet 45, main-jet 132 dan kode jarum skep F33 45H dipakai sampai September 2006.
Generasi 2002
RR2002Kawasaki atau biasa disingkat Kawak, menambah varian Ninja 150R dengan memasukkan Ninja 150RR di tahun 2002. Saat itu Ninja 150RR murni masih built-up atau import from Thailand dengan kode produksi KR150K. Perbedaannya dengan Ninja 150R, Ninja 150RR menggunakan teknologi KIPS.
KIPS adalah teknologi katup tambahan di blok silinder. Berfungsi menahan sisa gas buang di putaran bawah supaya tidak terlalu blong. Teknologi ini membantu putaran atas supaya gas buang dilepas maksimal. Nama komponen penggeraknya Super KIPS. Jadi, KIPS di 2002 sama juga dengan versi Super KIPS di era 2006.
Selain KIPS, Ninja 150RR juga sudah menggunakan fairing. Frame atau rangka juga sudah bulat (tidak kotak lagi). Lengan ayun pun menggunakan teknologi stabiliser atau tiang tambahan di swing-arm untuk keseimbangan saat suspensi belakang bekerja.
Ninja 150RR dipasok karbu beda merek dan lebih besar ukuran venturinya dibanding Ninja 150R. Ninja 150RR mengaplikasi Mikuni VM28 sampai saat ini. Begitu juga dengan pilot-jet 22,5, main-jet 270, dan jarum skep 5EJ4-2 yang tidak berubah.
“Pilot-jet diseting ukurannya lebih kecil dibanding Ninja 150R untuk putaran menengah atas,” tambah Freddyanto Basuki, Marketing Research, PT KMI. Di tahun ini kode mesin berubah. Untuk semua varian Ninja 150, kode mesinnya 1878.
           Generasi 2006
super kipshsas
Di tahun ini generasi Kawak Ninja 150, 150R dan Ninja 150RR berubah total. Inovasi yang paling jelas semua
varian Ninja 150 sudah aplikasi Super KIPS (Super Kawasaki Integrated Powervalve System), catalytic converter, dan HSAS (High Performance Secondary Air Sistem).
Dua teknologi terakhir di atas berkaitan untuk menekan emisi gas buang. HSAS menggunakan mekanisme valve alias katup yang fungsinya menyemprotkan udara segar atau oksigen ke lubang buang. Valve akan membuka dan menyemprotkan udara segar saat mesin di putaran bawah.
Di tahun 2006 kode mesin semua generasi Ninja 150 berubah jadi 1855 seperti generasi awal kemunculan Ninja 150. Untuk Ninja 150 dan Ninja 150RR di Oktober 2006 mengadopsi Keihin PWL 26 sampai sekarang. Main-jet jadi ukuran 138 dan jarum skep berubah kode jadi N5LD. Jarum diklaim lebih tirus dibanding jenis sebelumnya.

Itulah sejarah panjang Ninja di Indonesia yang melegenda sampai sekarang.

Modifikasi Kawasaki Ninja Icon.4